Jazz is a kind of professional musical art. It appeared as the interaction between the different layers of musical culture and national traditions in the early 20 centuries, throughout North America, wherever the Afro-Americans from Africa (mostly from the West) had to learn the culture of their white masters. There are religious hymns, such as spirituals and more common form of home music (brass band), and the rural folk (Afro- American - skiffle), and most importantly is the salon piano music ragtime (literally, “an uneven rhythm”). The term jazz did not meet until the turn of 19-20 centuries. It can also occur from the French jaser that means "chatter", which has survived in American slang: jazz - «bullshit," "lies". Jazz term also used originally referred to a small orchestra, and performed their music.
Jazz is not peculiar to the academic methods of musicianship and intonation, improvisational nature of the statement of melody and its development .Jazz lives in the rhythm, in the inconsistency, in the intersections and non-tone and pitch. All music is based on confrontation and conflict, but is all harmoniously and striking in its melody and especially attractive.
Although the history of jazz began with the beginning of the XX century in New Orleans, but this music has survived a real upturn in early 1920. In 20th trumpeter Louis Armstrong went to create a new music direction in Chicago. Chicago took the music of New Orleans and makes it hot; raising its glow is not only an effort of famous ensembles Armstrong's "Hot Five" and "Hot Seven", but also others artists, such as Eddie Condon and Jimmy Makpartlend.
There are better carriers of classic New Orleans jazz style in Chicago: Joe Oliver, Tom Brown, Jelly Roll Morton. From that moment began golden age of jazz history. Over a decade (1917-1928) the city remained primarily a jazz center. Chicago remained in the first quarter of the XX century mostly center audio recordings.
In 1926, Jelly Roll Morton organizes the famous orchestra «The Red Hot Peppers», which played many of his famous contemporaries, including trombonist Kid Ory, clarinetist Albert Nicholas, and drummer WTPIA Singleton. "Original Creole Band», «King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band» and other African-American convoys moved to Chicago, played exclusively in the classic New Orleans style, development of which reached a climax precisely in the era of Chicago jazz.
With the original Afro- Americans style New Orleans jazz is created independent shape in Chicago, the so-called "white" jazz style, which despite the influence of the first; include the tradition of Western music culture.
Some element of white Chicago jazz joined to the dance music of the time, gradually spreading around the world.
The more receptive to innovation musicians were in Chicago, and these innovations determined the development of jazz. It is known the best white Chicago jazz clarinetists are the names of Leon Rappolo and trumpeter Bix Beyderbek. Leon Rappolo became the first white jazz musicians who have created their own school performance, the effect of which studied not only white but also some black singers. The period of Chicago's jazz style was completed in 1928 with the beginning of the Great Depression in the United States. That moment was very dramatic ones in the history of jazz.